Added: Tawan Madson - Date: 12.09.2021 23:30 - Views: 23901 - Clicks: 6707
This was the time of the so called Late Bronze Age, an exceptional period covering the last centuries of the 2nd and the transition to the 1st millennium BC. Although the majority of those objects was published and is well known in the scientific literature, the attitude to those finds was often not satisfactory. In fact, it was an attitude of superficiality and underestimation, depriving them of that certain respect. It is because of such an attitude, which has unfortunately been confirmed lately, and from the perspective of that ancient culture of living and behaving, that I have tried to include amongst known artifacts also such finds from old, forgotten publications, both from chance finds and private property, as well as recent discoveries.
This is why only a smaller of finds has been published for the first time. The book has several units. The introductory discussions about the spatial reach and the natural features of the Kvarner area, as well as an overview of the sites and history of research provide basic information and illustrate the situation that follows in the most important part of the book — i. The interpretations set and accepted are put into a more relative perspective in the final chapter, they are discussed within a reconstructed context of social potential, of cultural and historical manifestations which have not been critically evaluated in this way so far.
Save to Library Edit. Its role and importance in communications and the circulation of goods are indicated by older and more recent research. Although mainly protective archaeological research has been carried out in the two decades, in addition to individual finds, a large amount of new material has been collected, some of which was utterly unexpected. This article presents a brief overview of researchers and the state of research, then representative material culture and important recent finds that allow us to treat the Kvarner community in a new light, especially in more concrete connection with neighbouring, but also distant cultural communities from the Alps to the Adriatic and the Apennines to the Balkans.
This study focuses on an unusual bronze stamnoid situla from the Burgmuseum Archeo Norico museum The basic features make this situla different from the standard variants of stamnoid situlae dated to the Late Classical and Early Hellenistic period of the late 4th and early 3rd century BC. Due to the way its cast parts were made, the application of the technologically demanding procedure of soldering different parts of the vessel body, imitating popular Etruscan themes, i. Such a vessel could have been produced there on special demand and at a ificantly lower price at the transition between the 4th and the 3rd century BC, and could then be imported to the eastern edges of the Alps.
Kavur, R. With its defined, most likely reduced inventory, we have acquired a smaller of tools and weapons, half products and items of symbolic importance. Its place of discovery could be included in the distribution of the hoards of the II Late Bronze Age horizon on the broader territory of Caput Adriae and its hinterland in the 13th and early 12th century BC. Its composition reflects, in particular, the cultural connections ranging from the south-eastern Alpine region to the wider Pannonian and Carpathian area.
Lazar, A. Panjek, J. Vinkler eds. Life on the border is dangerous and hard! It is not unique among the Late Bronze Age cemeteries solely because of the of uncovered graves and the richness of several burials, but also due to Fat women looking to fuck in Lovranska Draga long period during which people were buried there. It is a testament to the extraordinary long-lasting temporal integration of the location into the mental patterns and special perception of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age societies in the region.
Due to the variability of material culture itself, as well as burial rites and the concept of death, considered in a local as well as a global perspective, the cemetery opens up opportunities to understand the social dynamics of this extraordinary time in the human past. Kavur, M. Dizdar eds. The crucial element of Urnfield culture were the cremation burials concentrated in different spat An attempt might help us to unravel the multiple levels at which sacred sites interacted with a diverse range of communities and negotiated between these in space and time.
Kavur - Live long and prosper! Rhyta as a symbol of wealth and infinity. Vukov eds. Zbornik radova u prigodi Mirjane Sanader New interpretations, promoting concepts of entanglement, acceptance and rejections, enabled moder They enriched our understanding of the intercultural character of the world in the 4th century BC. Valuable as vessels of exclusively symbolic ificance rhyta will be discussed presenting their typological and stylistic determination and proposing their most probable place of production.
Iconographically, the rhyta were mostly interpreted as an essential ritual vessel, as the symbol of the continuity of life celebrated on festivities. It became therefore accepted that rhyta as symbols and attributes of Dionysus as well as of heroes and heroized ancestors, were the reception of the unification of death and divine. Their use was based on an existent ideology embedded within the societies, which had the communal feasting ritual at its core, an ideology susceptible to symbols coming from Mediterranean production centres.
Focusing on rhyta as symbols of Mediterranean imports, our archaeological interpretations will become more culturally sensitive and anthropologically relevant by focusing on culture contact and redistribution of material culture. Kirigin - The face from the other side. Kamenjarin, M. A fragmented terracotta depiction of a human head from Pharos, a Greek apoikia established in the 4th century B. The present example of material culture, discovered in an archaeological context from the 4th century B.
This barbarian stands with his physical materiality as a metaphor for the horror or destruction imposed upon the civilized world when people like him moved across the territory of northern Italy in large s. Feared and admired for their bravery and loyalty, they were soon incorporated into political plans and agendas Fat women looking to fuck in Lovranska Draga the rulers of the region — Celtic mercenaries became a major contribution to the military potential of the Hellenic states and warlords.
Pawell, A. The hoards from northern Bosnia, especially those along the wider stream area of river Bosna, are Data on 11 hoards in the region currently exists, with around items and fragments recorded within these. Most hoards are considered to be representative of the cultural circumstances of the time and place in which they were deposited.
These are now complemented by a hoard from Cvrtkovci, which is presented here in greater detail. All of these hoards, through typological-stylistic analysis and chronological attribution, have been attributed to the earlier period of the Urnfield culture, i. As a result, they are deemed to be characteristic of an integral part of the enigmatic Pan-European phenomenon of the Late Bronze Age, synchronized with the Ha A1 phase of Central European periodization of the 13th and 12th centuries BC. In the analyses of Bosnian hoards undertaken to date, an emphasis has been placed on the interpretation of objects as a valuable resource for typological and chronological evaluation, an approach that also forms the basis of this research.
However, questions as to the spatial arrangement of the hoards within the landscape, interpersonal connections and origins have only recently been raised, and here, for the first time, an archaeo-metallurgical analysis of isotopes of representative objects from the Cvrtkovci hoard is presented. The Late Bronze Age on the eastern Adriatic coast was marked by complex and exceptionally dynamic Jewellery in different historical epochs can be interpreted both as a narrative and a narrator, not only about the persons it accompanied in the grave but also about the wider community that the deceased belonged to.
Distinctly symbolical representation most often reflected the status of an individual and was a good indicator of affiliation to a certain social group. The archaeological heritage of Nin reflects an indelible trace in its exceptionally long chronological vertical by its ampleness and diversity. Elaborate costumes and luxurious jewellery will be enriched with the finds from the Klanice site that are the subject of this study in analysis and interpretation.
These are a fibula with two knobs on the bow and a pin with an onion-shaped head that characterize the widespread trend of many heterogeneous communities, in typological-stylistic and spatial terms, in particular in trans-Adriatic relations during the first phases of the Late Bronze Age of the late 13th and during the 12th century BC. Adaptation and Creativity along Borderzones - Book of abstracts In Bronze Age studies, the concept of inequality is invested with meaning — at least the archaeol If the latter refers to a social evaluation of whatever differences are regarded by a given society as relevant, then dominance is the behavioural expression of these differences.
Together these two basic principles are the building blocks of social inequality.
And, if border zones should be considered, not only as natural environments in which cultural and economic contacts were taking place from which societies were extracting resources to ensure their ideological reproduction and economic prosperity but also as tools of ideological reproduction. We can be sure that people were loading landscape with meaning — they were including the natural into their cultural and religious traditions. Consequently, landscapes were not physical environments in which people lived, but were products and reflections of various social, symbolic, individual, and collective as well as historical experiences of acting.
Moreover, within landscapes, border zones were the broadest reflections of social inequalities. Od morja do morja - Od mora do mora, Koper - Ptuj Powell, R. Mathur, A. Bankoff, B. Tin isotopic analysis has been demonstrated to be an effective means by which bronze artifacts ma In the Central Balkans, three geographically distinct groups have been defined: 1 Vojvodina-Transylvania-Central Europe, likely associated with ores from the West Pluton of the Erzgebirge e.
Cer; and, 3 Southern Serbia-Western Bulgaria originating from an as yet unidentified tin deposit of that is enriched in lighter isotopes of tin. V zadnjih letih pa so raziskave podnebja pokazale, da je v tridesetih letih 5. Prehistory in Macedonia - International conference on archaeology and archaeological science The 5th century BC was a very turbulent period.
Liberated from the common enemy, coming from the Liberated from the common enemy, coming from the East, the city-states in the Aegean plunged into a series of mutual conflicts and consequently chaos. Hardy acquired positions of power were disintegrated, and prestige started to leak away towards the new forming social elites in hinterlands of a ly prosperous world.
Most important, the centres of power shifted — to the Central Mediterranean and Southern Balkan. In an interconnected world, knitted together with new economic and political relations, it was not only the current of more or less prestigious artefacts following the imperialistic aspirations of rulers of the Argeade or Syracusan dynasties, but the people also followed soon.
Moreover, this was not a unidirectional process. The difference, and not only cultural, became an everyday sight in cities and temples. What seemed like an ideal state for the philosopher, became fast a nightmare for the common man, and accelerate the rise of Archaia Makedonia. Exhausted from wars the territory of the Aegean was struck by the severest climatic changes in the first millennium BC coinciding with perhaps the worst epidemic in antiquity. Heroji in zadnji evropski levi! Mjesta susretanja, Pula Mjesta susretanja Banja luka Lovranska Canyon is very important archaeological area, with more than 30 caves.
Project Oraj wit Project Oraj with the main goal of understanding the use of caves in the microregion started in Fourteen caves were recorded and mapped, and one cave was excavated. The most important record is the understanding of complex structural organization of the whole network of caves during the Late Roman period. The preliminary are excellent, and confirm that projects whose main goal is to study Fat women looking to fuck in Lovranska Draga network of sites in the region can obtain more structured and sophisticated then the ones that focus on the single sites.
Kavur eds. Da bi ustrezno razumeli preteklost bomo na kongresu predstavili sedanjosti raziskav in se pogovarjali o prihodnosti. Remember me on this computer. Enter the address you ed up with and we'll you a reset link. Need an ?Fat women looking to fuck in Lovranska Draga
email: [email protected] - phone:(209) 637-1071 x 3334
Prostitution in Croatia